Do you have little, small or tiny spots under your skin? Do they cause some itchiness? In this post, we have insights on the causes of spots under skin on lips, nose, hands, legs, and feet. Some of the spots may be accompanied by itchiness and other symptoms. You will also learn how to get rid of the spots using various remedies and treatment.
Spots under Skin
Spots under your skin may develop when tiny or small blood vessels in the epidermis tear or rapture after bumping into an object, falling or due to underlying body conditions. Blood leaks into the internal tissues of your skin to cause a black or blue spot known as a bruise.
A bruise may have different colors as it heals that include purplish black, reddish blue or yellowish green. It may also spread deeper under the skin. A bruise normally takes 2 to 4 weeks to heal depending on the part of the body that is affected. A bruise on face and arms normally take a shorter time to heal as compared to that on the legs.
A fresh bruise may be reddish in color and turn to blue or dark purple spots after a few hours and then yellow or green as it heals. It can also be characterized by tenderness and pain for the first few days. The pain usually eases as the color fades.
Most of the spots under the skin due to leakage of blood into skin tissues are not a cause for concern as they will go away on their own. To speed up the healing process, you can use some of the home remedy treatment. However, those that result from underlying body conditions may require medical treatment to heal.
If your skin is prone to bruises, it may be difficult to understand the exact cause of the bruise. However, it doesn’t mean that you have a serious health problem if you bruise easily. As long as the bruise is minimal, there is no need to worry.
Apart from bruises, spots under your skin can also result from under a skin pimple
Spots under Skin Causes
Spots under the skin commonly result from bleeding in under skin tissues from broken blood vessels. It normally results into tiny red dots. There are various factors that can cause blood spots under the skin. Some of them include the following:
- Injury or Trauma
Injury or trauma is the major cause of blood spots under the skin. Bumping into a blunt object or falling without a cut or scrape on the skin can damage blood vessel to cause a bruise. If you bruise easily, you may not even know the causes blood spots under the skin since minor injuries that you don’t notice can result in a bruise on your skin.
- Allergic Reaction
Your immune system plays an important role in defending your body against bacteria, viruses and other pathogenic micro-organisms. In some cases, your immune system can defend your body against substances that do not necessarily pose a threat to your life. These substances are known as allergens.
These allergens include bee stings, insect bites, pet dander, certain foods, pollen or molds and certain medications. An allergic reaction to this allergen can result in itchy red spots under the skin, itching, rash, watery and itchy eyes, scratchy throat and nasal congestion among others.
- Underlying Body Conditions
Bruises that develops without apparent reason may be symptomatic to underlying body conditions like leukemia, hemophilia and Willerand’s disease among others. These conditions are also accompanied by other symptoms like frequent nose bleeding or bleeding gums.
- Side Effects of Certain Medicines
Side effects of certain painkillers like Ibuprofen can result to bumps under skin. Such medications can cause blood thinning and result to random bruising on your body. When taking blood thinning medications, you will find out that even a slight knock on your leg results into a bruise.
Your skin becomes liable to dark spots as you age due to some changes in the skin. According to Mayo Clinic, as you age, the protective fatty layer of your skin becomes thinner and hence more prone to bruising. This is the reason why older people are more liable to bruising as compared to children and young adults.
From the University of California report, older or elderly individuals are less stable feet and can easily bump into blunt objects to cause bruising on the feet. However, the report also recommends a thorough investigation to rule out easy bruising due to abuse of certain drugs in elderly individuals.
- Deficiency of Certain Vitamins in your Body
Unexplained dark spots under your skin due to bruising or those that appear after minor injuries can also result from vitamin deficiency. For instance, deficiency of vitamin C and K in your body can cause scurvy that results into random and explained bruising on various parts of your body. Vitamin K plays a very important role in enhancing proper blood clot and preventing bruising.
According to a report of The Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, Vitamin C helps to strengthen and prevent blood vessels from breaking or bursting. It also indicates that taking this vitamin supplement can help to reduce spots under your skin that result from bruising.
- Excessive Exposure to the Sun
A controlled exposure to the sun is very important as it helps your body to produce Vitamin D. However, too much exposure to the sun can cause your skin to develop black spots under skin due to bruising. When your skin develops a sunburn, it may take a long time to heal, the side effects may also be long term.
Too much exposure to the sun’s harmful ultra-violet rays can cause your skin to bruise easily on the face, shoulders, legs and other exposed areas. This can also result in permanent under skin discolorations. A sunburn is also characterized by other symptoms such as redness, tenderness, and blistering in the affected area.
- Vigorous Exercise
Spots under your skin due to bruising can also result from vigorous or intensive exercise. According to WebMD, intensive exercise like excessive weight lifting and intensive training among athletes and bodybuilders can cause blood vessel tear and hence result in bruising.
Running exercise when wearing ill-fitting shoes can also result in bruising on the toes. When you notice a bruise after an exercise, you are supposed to rest, apply a cold and warm compress and elevate the affected foot to heal the bruise easily.
- Viral Infections
Unexplained bruising can also result from viral infections. Some of the viral infections can result in a condition known as thrombocytopenia that affects blood clotting, especially on the legs. The common viral infections that result into this problem include chickenpox, mumps, and rubella. Other conditions like HIV can also result in spots under your skin.
If you are suffering from diabetes, you are likely to notice dark spots under your skin. The bruising occurs when diabetes affects the blood vessels to cause peripheral vascular disease. Apart from bruising, you are also likely to experience weight loss, nausea, thirst, frequent urination, and abdominal pain when suffering from diabetes.
Spots under Skin on Lips
Spots under your skin on lips can develop either on the upper or lower lip or both. The spots can either be dark or white depending on the cause. Dark pigmentation on your lips can make you self-conscious especially when smiling. Covering them with concealer or foundation may not be a long-term solution to this problem.
It is a good idea to visit your dermatologist to determine the exact cause of the problem and the best treatment that can help to get rid of the spots. A dermatologist can help to rule out the possibility of skin cancer. There are three major causes that can result in dark pigmentation on your lip, they include:
- Age Spots
As you age, your lips become more vulnerable to dark spots that appear to be under the skin. This happens as a result of changes in your skin. The protective fatty layer of skin under your lips become thinner and more prone to bruising and other conditions that may result to dark pigmentations under the lips.
- Sun Damage
Over-exposure of your lips to the sun without protection can also lead to dark pigmentation. Sunburned lips are characterized by redness, swelling, tenderness, and blistering. Sunburned lips can take too long to heal and the effects may be long-lasting.
According to Drug.com, exposing your lips to the sun for a long time can be damaged by the UV rays. The Ultra Violet rays can also cause your lips to bruise easily. This can also result in permanent discoloration of your lips. It is recommended to visit a healthcare provider if you notice internal bleeding on your lips.
- Hormonal Imbalance
Uneven dark spots, patches or splotches on lips may also result from fluctuating hormones during pregnancy or menopause. This causes excessive production of sebum that can block the pores. The accumulation of sebum, dead skin cells and other debris may form black spots on lips known as blackheads.
Apart from the above major causes, spots under your skin on lips can also result from injuries or trauma. Bumping your mouth into a blunt object or falling can cause a bruise on the lip. Other injuries like burn can also cause dark discoloration on your lips.
Spots under Skin on Nose
Underneath bumps on nose mostly results from excessive production of sebum that blocks the pores. Since the nose is the oiliest part of your face, it is likely to develop underneath spots. Excessive production of sebum results into clogging of pores, inflammation of the surrounding tissues and formation of pimples:
There are various factors that cause excessive production of sebum and blockage of the pores to form underneath spots on nose. They include the following:
- Hormonal fluctuations during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. The changes in hormones stimulate the sebaceous gland to produce excessive sebum that ends up clogging the pores on your nose.
- Using oil or greasy skin care products that include lotions and makeups especially foundation. They clog the pores around your nose to cause underskin pimples. It is recommended to use water-based makeups that do not clog the pore. It is also a good idea to wash your face before going to bed.
- Poor shedding of dead skin cells that ends up clogging up the pores on your nose. You are supposed to exfoliate your face for at least once a week to prevent clogging of your nose pores. You can consult your dermatologist for safe products that aid in shedding off dead skin cells.
- Bacterial infection in the pores. Once the pores around your nose are closed, it provides ample condition for multiplication of bacteria that causes the inflammation. It is also important to use clean beddings that does not harbor bacteria and other pathogens that can cause an infection in the clogged nose pores.
Apart from the nose, underskin spots can appear on the chin, forehead, and back among other parts of your body. Underneath spots may not be white or black but you can simply note them from their red or pink color and are always large in size.
Spots under Skin on Hands
Underskin spots on hands can occur for a number of reasons. The appearance and the size of the bumps vary depending on the cause. They can appear as small pimples under the skin that can grow into a size of a marble. They may feel soft or hard to touch. Those that are soft contain fluids or pus that may burst open to ooze. Some of the bumps results from the following:
This is a skin condition that causes inflammation of the hair follicle. It is caused by either bacterial or fungal infection. It may appear like a small red or white headed pimple that is under the skin. Although this condition is not life-threatening it may cause a burning sensation, tenderness, itchiness, pus-filled blisters that burst open, pain and a cluster of small white or red bumps under the skin.
Blisters are small bumps that may develop underskin on your hands. They may be filled with blood, plasma, serum or pus depending on the cause. They are formed on the upper layer of the skin known as the epidermis. Blisters are caused by friction, extreme temperatures, exposure to chemicals, and pinching.
Callus is a toughened area of the skin as a result of repeated friction, pressure or irritation. The affected area becomes thick and hard. You may develop a callus on the middle fingers due to writing with a pencil or pen for a long period of time without a break.
- A Ganglion Cyst
A ganglion cyst is a benign lump that commonly develops along the tendon or joint of the wrist of your hand. They can also develop on the ankle of your feet. They are painless bumps but they can cause some pain if the lump presses on a nerve.
Some of the above causes of underskin spots on hands can be treated using some of the home remedy treatments. However, you should consult your healthcare provider if the spot fails to fade away within a period of 2 weeks.
Spots under Skin on Legs
Red bumps under skin on your legs can be symptomatic to underlying body conditions or due to physical injuries. The body responds to various infections and illnesses by changing the appearance of your skin texture and color on various parts.
An injury to your leg can cause bruising or a bacteria can enter your skin through a tiny scratch to cause a condition known as cellulitis. This happens when the bacteria infect the tissue beneath your skin. Cellulitis is characterized by redness and swelling of the affected area.
An allergic reaction can also result in red spots under your skin on legs. Your body can respond to various allergens in the environment by causing red blotches on the legs. The spots can be raised and itchy. Your body may be allergic to pollen, certain foods, certain medications, and detergents among others.
Erythema Multiforme is another condition that can result in red spots under the skin on legs. This condition is caused by herpes simple’s virus and is also associated with cold sore or fever. This condition can also result from certain medication or vaccination. The red blotches normally heal on their own within a period of 2 weeks.
Autoimmune diseases can also be the reason why you are developing red spots under the skin or bruising easily. It occurs when the body produces antibodies that attack its own tissues instead of fighting infections. Some of the autoimmune disorders include Lupus, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Vasculitis.
Spots under Skin Itchy
Underneath skin bumps may be characterized with various symptoms that include itchiness, inflammation, burning sensation, pain, and swelling, the presence of pus or fluids, and tenderness. It is recommended to resist the urge of scratching the affected areas since it may worsen the condition.
How to Get Rid of Spots under Skin
A bruise or a pimple under the skin can be quite painful. It can also affect your self-esteem especially when it has developed on your forehead, nose or lip a few days to your first date. To alleviate the pain and speed up the healing process, there are various remedies you can use. Some of them include the following:
- Apply a Cold Compress
An ice therapy can help to alleviate pain caused by either a bruise or a pimple under the skin. When placed in an injured place, it helps to reduce the flow of blood around the affected area. It causes constriction of blood vessels to reduce the amount of blood that leaks into the skin tissues.
To use this remedy, place ice cubes in a clean towel and apply it on the affected area. Allow it to stay in the affected area for 10 minutes before removing it. Wait for 20 minutes before reapplying this remedy.
- Apply a warm compress
Applying heat over spots under the skin helps to boost blood circulation as well as speeding up the healing process. This help to clear away the blood that is trapped in skin tissues after bruising. Warm compress also relieves the pain by loosening tense muscles in the affected area.
You simply place a clean towel in hot water, squeeze way the excess water and place it over the affected area. Alternatively, you can use a heating pad, hot water bottle or soaking the affected area in a hot tub bath.
- Elevating the Affected Area
Blood spots under the skin and pain can be reduced by elevating the affected area. This helps to drain away blood from the bruised area as well as alleviating the pain. It also reduces pressure and compression on a bruised area.
For instance, a bruise of the foot can be treated by elevating the affected leg. Lie on the bed and lift the affected leg with the support of some pillows. Allow it to stay in that position until when the pain is relieved.
- Keep the affected Area Clean
Washing the affected area with antiseptic soap can help to keep the bacteria at bay especially when the spot under the skin caused by a pimple. It helps to remove excess oil and dead skin cells that clog the hair follicles.
Wash the affected area at least two times daily using mild, oil free and water based soap. Oil soap can clog. If the pimple spots are on your forehead, keep the hair off your face. The hair can transfer oil to the affected area and worsen the condition.
- Avoid Touching or Squeezing the spots
Spots under your skin are more protected when closed that when they are open. Squeezing the spots can cause the skin above them to burst open. This can cause an open wound that more vulnerable to bacterial or fungal infections. Ensure that your hands are clean before touching such touching open wounds, in case it burst open by itself.
- Use Vitamin C
Vitamin C contains anti-inflammatory properties that help to speed up the healing process of the wound. Adequate vitamin C in the body also plays an important role in promoting blood clotting process to prevent unexplained bruising.
This remedy can be used in various ways. You can use gels, creams or serum containing vitamin C and apply directly to the affected area, you can also take vitamin C supplements or take a diet containing plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Comfrey Leaves
Comfrey leaves were used from the ancient time to treat various skin ailments. It has anti-inflammatory properties that can help to relieve skin inflammations. This remedy is also among the best treatment for skin bruises.
To use this remedy, you simply make a paste of comfrey leaves and apply directly to the affected area. Apply two coats and leave it for 20 minutes before rinsing off with warm water. Alternatively, you can apply a warm compress over the spots under the skin using the leaves. You simply place the leaves in hot water, strain out the excess water and place it over a bruised area.
Spots under Skin Treatment
Spots under your skin or bruises normally heal on their own within a period of 1 to 2 weeks. However, you should consult your dermatologist in case of having unexplained spots under your skin. The healthcare provider will be able to determine the cause and provide the appropriate treatment.
You should also not hesitate to visit your healthcare provider when: the spots do not heal within 2 weeks, having unexplained bruises on your skin, the spots are accompanied with severe pain or inflammation and having underneath skin bumps that exhibit infection symptoms.
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More Sources and References:
- Bleeding into the skin: https://www.healthline.com/health/about-us
- Bruises and blood spots under the skin: http://www.uofmhealth.org/health-library/bruse
- Bruises and blood spots under the skin: https://www.webmd.com/first-aid/tc/bruises-and-blood-spots-under-the-skin-topic-overview#1
- Unexplained bruising on your body: http://www.healthyandnaturalworld.com/random-bruising-on-body-and-legs/
- How to heal blind pimples under the skin: https://www.healthline.com/health/beauty-skin-care/blind-pimple#overview1
- How to clear under the skin pimples: https://www.wikihow.com/Clear-Under-the-Skin-Pimples
- How can I get rid of spots that are under the skin? https://www.treatwell.co.uk/question/627-how-can-i-get-rid-of-spots-that-are-under-the-skin/
- How do you get rid of underskin spots: http://www.youandyourwedding.co.uk/dresses-and-style/beauty/how-do-you-get-rid-of-underskin-spots/21387.html
- Dark pigmentation around my mouth: https://www.livestrong.com/article/222879-how-to-remove-dark-spots-on-the-upper-lip/
- White dots under skin on my lips: http://www.medhelp.org/posts/Dermatology/white-dots-under-skin-of-my-lips/show/967481#post_answer_header